Sinuses are hollow air-filled spaces within the cheek bones, between the eyes, forehead and surround areas. Sinus infections are caused by viruses or bacteria. Owing to the inflammation and infection, the mucus becomes thick and causes blockages and discomfort in the cavities.
Many of us believe that antibiotics are effective against painful sinus infections. Therefore, in majority of the cases general practitioners prescribe antibiotics to patients suffering from sinusitis. This is a common practice in India and also in majority of the developing countries – and surprisingly also in USA.
Sinusitis that lasts for around 3 to 4 weeks is acute sinusitis. However, chronic sinusitis lasts for more than 10 to 12 weeks. Though sinus infections are common, but they cannot always be treated by antibiotics. Many physicians, researchers and clinical experts agree on this fact unanimously. In case of mild or moderate or acute sinusitis, human body is capable of curing itself. Therefore, as far as sinusitis treatment is concerned, antibiotics should be avoided as regular usage of antibiotics can cause antibiotics resistance.
The following agencies have recommended judicious usage of antibiotics. They have published their guidelines in this regard. The practice guidelines have been jointly published by the American College of Allergy, Asthma and immunology, American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology and the Joint Council of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology.