Nasal Polyps treatment in Hyderabad
Nasal Polyps: In the paranasal sinuses or nasal cavity, abnormal mass or growth develops. The growth or mass has smooth surface and usually looks like a teardrop (the polyp has a stalk and it dangles down from it). The other type of polyp is flat. However, nasal polyps are mostly teardrop in shape. The growth is non-cancerous (benign) or non-malignant, but can cause problems and is confined to one or both the sides of the nose. Nasal polyp, which may be present at birth or develop later in life, is one such type of growth, the other one is papillomas. Majority of the polyps are benign and therefore, can’t turn into cancer. But some polyps may become cancerous depending on their position, age, causative factors and location.
Papillomas – the other type of abnormal growth is seen in the nasal cavity or paranasal sinuses. Papillomas that grow by overcoming healthy tissues have irregular and rough surface, but they are usually non-cancerous. Inverting type of papilloma grow abnormally behaving like cancer though it is not. It is therefore classified as a benign tumour that can grow recurrently into nearby cells and tissues. Inverting papillomas are treated by surgery, which is normally done to treat cancers.
Nasal polyps cause the following problems
Nasal polyps may develop due to persistent inflammation in the nose or when the nose is irritated or remain swollen from inside for long. Polyps inside the nose are not always problematic, but they may hinder normal functioning of the nose and may lead to dry nose, nose bleeds, headaches, snoring and smelling disturbances. Sometimes nasal polyps grow big and cause infections and breathing difficulties as well.
Do Nasal Polyps Develop into Paranasal sinus cancer?
Polyps mostly grow within the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses – and therefore, ENT doctors carefully watch their growth and progress to ensure that they are not growing abnormally and developing into cancer. After careful medical examination, if the doctor suspects something abnormal, he or she may order certain tests to rule out cancer.
It is rare though to find any abnormal benign or malignant tumour to develop from the inside of the nose – however, the tumours from the neighbouring structures may extend into the nose (Nasal Tumours). In adolescent and pre-pubescent males, a specific type of benign tumour called Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma (JNA) is common. It is one of the causes of recurrent nose bleeding.
Do Nasal Polyps Misdiagnose as Cancers?
Paranasal sinus cancers and nasal cancers can be easily differentiated from nasal polyps. Experienced ENT specialists and head and neck surgeons examine such growth very carefully by taking into consideration the associated symptoms of the patient, previous medical history, personal history, family history, risk factors and clinical diagnosis. An ENT specialist may suspect the growth of polyps in a patient based on the symptoms and medical examination. He or she may use a special instrument to see deep inside the nose to make sure that the growths are nasal polyps.
Treatment of Nasal Polyps
If the polyps are not causing any problems, then they might not be treated. If the patient has an infection, then antibiotics or drugs may be prescribed by the doctor along with a nasal spray. If this type of treatment doesn’t yield results, then the doctor may endoscopically remove such polyps.
However, doctors treat larger problematic polyps with surgery and medicine. In many cases, treatment depends on the severity of the growth. Therefore, for severe cases, the surgeon may perform more involved surgery. Whatever may be the cause, symptoms and issues, one can get the best possible nasal polyps’ treatment in Hyderabad.
Sometimes, a papilloma can harbour squamous cell carcinoma – which starts within it. Owing to the high risk associated with the papilloma due to the possibility of cancerous growth within it, papillomas are often removed by surgery from the nasal cavity and paranasal surfaces.