Deviated septum is a condition in which your nasal septum becomes off center. Which means the nasal septum that separates the nasal cavity deviates. Most of the people have a septum that is slightly off-center – which usually doesn’t cause problems. Some people are born with a deviated septum and for others, a nose injury was to blame. Whatever may be the reason for a deviated septum, the cause for concern for the majority of us is whether it requires surgery or is surgery mandatory to treat a deviated septum. Let us understand when is a Deviated Septum Problematic for you.
Those who suffer from deviated septum have breathing difficulty, which becomes immense during cold, allergy and sinus infections. Some people with a deviated septum may not have breathing difficulty, but during cold and sinus infections their condition aggravates or becomes worst and they experience breathing difficulty.
Sleep disturbances: This is one of the prominent symptoms of a deviated septum. It is experienced by those who have the severe deviation of their septum. Breathing difficulty over a period of time may lead to sleep deprivation, which in turn leads to headaches, stress, anxiety, and depression. In a nutshell, a deviated septum may lead to sleep apnoea.
Nosebleeds: Individuals suffering from deviated septum are at increased risk of frequent nosebleeds – the reason for this can be attributed to the fact that deviated or improperly aligned septum creates unstable air flow inside the nostril – which creates turbulence and makes the septum dry. A dry septum becomes prone to nosebleeds.
Recurrent Sinus Infections
When the normal flow of air becomes abnormal owing to the abnormal curvature of the septum, the air that enters nostrils gets blocked resulting in the clogging of airways. The immediate effect of this blocking is breathing difficulty and the subsequent effect is sinusitis as the blocked sinuses become a budding ground for the microbes to flourish. Depending on the cause of sinusitis, symptoms, severity of symptoms an ENT specialist may prescribe sinusitis medication to treat sinusitis. Surgery may sometimes become necessary to remove physical obstructions that may contribute to sinusitis. Read, how is a Deviated Septum Treated?
A headache and Facial Pain: Individuals who suffer from deviated septum have facial pain and headache. They feel pain and heaviness in their heads. The head looks as if it is heavily loaded or something inside it has clogged up. A headache becomes a regular problem.
To sum it up
If your deviated septum is not causing any symptoms such as breathing difficulties, frequent infections, and sinusitis, then there is no need to worry. However, it is better to discuss your problem with your doctor; but if your deviated septum makes breathing difficult for you and causes nasal congestion, headaches, facial pain, sleeping difficulty and sleep apnoea, then there should be a cause for concern. Because all issues together may sometimes lead to life-threatening conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease, and diabetes as well.
For a deviated septum that blocks one or both the nostrils and makes breathing very difficult and for a severely curved nose, deviated septum surgery or septoplasty may become indispensable. The best ENT surgeon will select an appropriate surgical procedure by considering the unique requirement of the patient and their condition.