When it comes to chronic disease, almost 8 in 10 adults have some type of chronic disease and almost 6 in 10 have one or more than one. Which means, anyone can get any type of chronic disease sooner or later. The following are some of the diseases that creep in as you age:
If you ask this – could you please repeat what you said or simply ask someone “What did you say” even casually, then it is a sign that you are getting older. Almost 20% of people age 45 and above have some sort of hearing issue or the other. Hearing loss becomes progressive as you age and even become worst at some point in time. There could be several reasons for your hearing loss – such as exposure to loud noises, genes, medication, any chronic illness and infections. Whatever may be the cause, you should seek immediate consultation with an ENT specialist if you think that you are unable to hear properly.
One of the major health concerns today is obesity as almost 50% of people are obese and the percentage is even higher in females. A person is considered as obese even if he or she weighs more than a few kilograms above their healthy weight. An obese individual is at risk of getting a huge number of chronic diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, arthritis, heart disease and even cancer. Highest percentage of obese individuals are in age between 40 to 55 years.
Heart disease is another risk factor after age 40 to 55 years. In many individuals, the disease can start in the late young age and becomes worst after age 40 and continues to cause distress among many individuals. Therefore, in people who are above age 40 and 55 years, the risk of heart disease is more likely to increase manifolds as compare to those who are in age group of 25 to 35 years.
Within the last two and a half decades, the number of diabetes cases have almost doubled and are quite close to being getting tripled among middle-aged and older age individuals. Diabetes has now become a global epidemic. Almost one in three individuals are at a risk of getting diabetes after age 45. Diabetes progresses very slowly – owing to which it is known as a silent killer. By the time it is detected, several people are at an increased risk of getting heart disease, kidney disease, nerve disease and even eye disease. Therefore, it is better to approach an endocrinologist and get the blood sugar levels checked.
High Blood Pressure
Aging process can put you at a risk of high blood pressure. Young people have healthy and flexible blood vessels and therefore bear the pressure of the blood passing through them, but as you age the blood vessels gradually loses their flexibility – owing to which excess blood pressure is exerted while carrying the blood. This is the reason why individuals above age 40 develop high blood pressure. However, by changing your routine lifestyle you can manage or prevent high blood pressure. To ensure this you should manage your weight and stress levels and exercise regularly. As far as managing high blood pressure is concerned, avoiding alcohol, quitting smoking and eating healthy can work as well.
Orthopaedic surgeons and rheumatologists attribute arthritis mostly to the regular wear and tear due to aging – and they are right as nearly about 40% of individuals above age 45 have arthritis of the knee. But other factors are also important including the lifestyle and heredity. In addition, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, diabetes, deficiency of vitamin D3 and several other factors play a part too.
As aging is a normal life process, you cannot stop its progress – but, is there anything that you can do to prevent such diseases to live a healthier life? Yes, of course! lifestyle modifications can help. Just concentrate on four major factors – weight, diet, physical activity and stress. If you are able to manage these, you can age gracefully.